Diseases and other health concerns for poodles
These are the diseases that can affect miniature poodles
and other sizes of poodles (I have added which sizes are affected by each disease to better inform you, this does not mean
the other sizes can not have it, but its rare). Buying a quality poodle from a reputable breeder who has tested
for disease and has clear/normal/good in results will save you pain, grief, trips to the vet & money.
PRA - Progressive Retinal Atrophy:
toy and miniature
PRA - Description: Gradual deterioration of the retina
of the eye leading to blindness. To varying degrees, nearly every breed is susceptible to some form of PRA. The disease attacks
the retinal tissue in the back of the eye. The retina is where specialized cells called photoreceptor's convert light into
chemical signals, then transmit these impulses to the brain. Photoreceptor's called “rods” gather dim light, amplifying
it into nerve impulses. Bright light causes other photoreceptor's called “cones” (these terms describe the shapes
of the cells) to shift into gear.
We do Optigen and CERF tests to make sure our dogs
do not carry this disease.
Dysplasia: miniature and standard
Strenuous exercise before the bones are grown can cause
many bone problems, including hip dysplasia , although thankfully, there are very few Standard Poodles who suffer with this
disorder. A very young puppy being constantly pushed into the sitting position may suffer damage, or one that is allowed to
run up and down stairs many times a day. If a puppy bunny-hops, this is usually a sign of stress on rear joints. It is essential
to restrict exercise to a minimum where bunny-hopping is evident until the dog has grown, and still sometimes after that.
Older dogs with joint problems should only have very short, quiet walks.
Bad rearing and feeding probably is responsible for
most bone problems. At this moment in time there does not seem to be a definite inheritance factor, as two dogs, X-ray cleared,
can throw a dog with hip dysplasia, and vice verse. However, some conscientious breeders advocate X-raying.
OFA (www.offa.com) is where X-rays are sent to get
a certificate of Excellent, Good or Fair (dogs with any other results should never be bred). If a fair is being bred, it should
always be bred with a Good or Above.
Leg-Calve-Perthes Disease: toy and miniature
Leg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCP) is a disorder of hip
joint conformation occurring in both humans and dogs. In dogs, it is most often seen in the miniature and toy breeds between
the ages of 4 months to a year. LCP results when the blood supply to the femoral head is interrupted resulting in avascular
necrosis, or the death of the bone cells. Followed by a period of revascularization, the femoral head is subject to remodeling
and/or collapse creating an irregular fit in the antebellum, or socket. This process of bone cells dying and fracturing followed
by new bone growth and remodeling of the femoral head and neck, can lead to stiffness and pain. LCP is believed to be an inherited
disease, although the mode of inheritance is not known. Because there is a genetic component, it is recommended that dogs
affected with LCP not be used in breeding programs.
This test is easy and OFA reads it off the Exisiting
Von Willebrands: miniature and standard
This is the most common bleeding disorder in animals.
Unfortunately it is an inherited disease. Signs to watch for are recurrent bleeding: gastrointestinal: urinary tract: nose
bleeds: lameness(bleeding from the joints): prolonged bleeding in season: blood blisters. Thankfully, diagnosis is by a simple
blood test. Vigilant breeders have their Standard Poodles tested for this disease before breeding from a dog or bitch.
We use www.vetgen.com to do our VWD testing, the results we want to see here are Cleared/normal.
Some puppies will have quite watery eyes during the
teething period (up to six months). For a white puppy this can be most distressing, because a brown mark will stain the
face where the tears overflow. Keep this wiped dry as often as possible. Also the weather, particularly wind, can cause eyes
to water. Keep the eyes clean and, once the head has finished growing, the problem should right itself. If it does not come
right after the dog is about 13 months, get the eye checked. Excess watering, or fluid, is produced by conjunctivitis. this
eye infection will need to be professionally treated. Do try to keep the eyes clean.
Epilepsy: miniatures and standards
Seizures in dogs can be caused by a variety of factors.
A common cause of seizures in all varieties of Poodles (as well as 25 or 30 other breeds) is "idiopathic epilepsy." Idiopathic
epilepsy generally is inherited, and it can result in either mild or severe seizures. Sometimes, seizures involve episodes
of unusual behavior, such as running frantically as if being chased, staggering, or hiding in the bathroom. Although seizures
can be frightening to watch, the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy generally is very good. Importantly,
however, many other factors can cause seizures in dogs besides idiopathic epilepsy. Causes include a variety of metabolic
disorders (such as liver disorders), infectious diseases that affect the brain (such as distemper), tumors, exposure to poisons,
severe head injuries, and more. The prognosis for seizures due to these other disorders varies depending on the particular
disorder and how early it is diagnosed. Thus, when a dog begins to have seizures, it is very important for the dog to receive
a thorough diagnostic work-up to determine the cause.
Addison's Disease: standards
Lack of energy, vomiting and weight loss in dogs may
be symptoms of a number of common disorders; however, they can also be early signs of a relatively rare disorder called Canine
Addison's Disease (hypoadrenocorticism). Because it is so easily confused with many other diseases and frequently remains
undiagnosed until the dog collapses from weight loss, weakness or dehydration, Canine Addison's Disease is often referred
to as "The Great Pretender." If left untreated, the disease can be critical, even fatal.
Canine Addison's Disease occurs when a dog's adrenal
glands do not produce enough hormones and other chemicals that help regulate many bodily functions, such as metabolism, blood
pressure and stress response. While it is not contagious, it is not fully understood why dogs develop Addison's. The most likely cause is genetic; however, other possible causes include infections, immune
system disorders and trauma.
Studies have found that 70% to 85% of dogs with Canine
Addison's Disease are female1 and that the dogs most often affected are between 4 and 7 years old. Some breeds seem to be
affected more commonly than others. These breeds include Great Danes, Portuguese Water Spaniels, Rottweilers, Standard Poodles,
West Highland White Terriers and Wheaten Terriers.
Some of the most common signs a pet owner may observe
in a dog with Canine Addison's Disease include:
* Lack of energy
* Weight loss
Less frequent signs include:
* Bloody vomit or stool
* Excessive thirst or urination
* Loss of appetite
* Hair loss
* Shaking and tremors
If your dog shows any of these signs, consult a veterinarian
at once. Chances are, your dog does not have Addison's, but any discomfort
or irregularity should always be evaluated by a veterinarian.
Bloat & Sebaceous adenitis: standards
For everyone who is researching and has read about
these diseases, these are diseases found in the Standard poodles. These are not typically found in toys and miniatures.
Researchers are constantly studying these and other diseases every day to better understand them to find a test & cure
for them. Miniatures where once highly affected by PRA and a large percent of them developed it due to lack of a test to determine
whether a dog was affected, a carrier or clear from it. Many breeders ended up spaying or neutering their dogs and placing
them in homes and had stopped breeding or switched to Standards or Toys. Now in the last 5 years the tests have become a life-saver
to the breed. Ethical breeders now test and make sure they are breeding non-affected dogs.
There are no 100% guarantees that even a genetically
tested dogs offspring will be free from all defects or diseases. However with testing we greatly reduce the chances.
These health problems have all been quoted off
of www.Offa.org, www.poodleclubofamerica.org or out of the "The Complete Standard Poodle" book by Eileen Geeson. This is a
great book for anyone looking into purchasing a Standard Poodle (I bred standards before miniatures),or even if you already
own one. Highly informative in all areas, raising, training etc.
If your thinking about buying a dog, do your homework
and make sure you are not purchasing it from a Puppy Mill (pet buy from them) or a backyard breeder. Again, You get what you
pay for. I can not guarantee 100% that my puppies or dogs will never acquire any of these disorders or others, no breeder
can or should. But the odds are slim to none. I include a 2yr health contract, and buy my breeding dogs from thoroughly tested
lines as well as do my own testing.
Please read our Pet Shop Puppies page...thank you for taking the time to inform and educate yourself
with these pages.